This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Second-Battle-of-the-Marne, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Second Battle of the Marne, 15 July to 17 July or 5 August 1918, Second Battle of the Marne - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Second Battle of the Marne - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Committing twenty-four French divisions, as well as American, British, and Italian formations to the attack, he sought to eliminate the salient in the line caused by the earlier Aisne Offensive. The Germans hoped to make a breakthrough before large numbers of American troops could arrive. Aided by American, British, and Italian troops, the French were able to halt the Germans on July 17. Named . Pushing forward, the Allies liberated Soissons, at the northwest corner of the salient on August 2, which threatened to trap those German troops remaining in the salient. In July, Foch began the Second Battle of the Marne, a counter-offensive against the Marne salient which was eliminated by August. The British, after resisting the attacks of six German divisions in the Battle of Mons, began on August 24 to fall back in conformity with their allies, from the Belgian frontier toward the Marne. The Second Battle of the Marne was fought in July and August 1918 northeast of Paris. Taking heavy losses, the Germans halted the offensive around 11:00 AM and it was not resumed. The next day, German troops moved back into the lines they occupied at the beginning of the Spring Offensives. In advancing on both sides of Reims, Ludendorff hoped to split the French forces in the area. What led the to battle's occurrence? Fighting with desperation to defend their homeland, the French stopped the German offensive and then counter attacked on September 7. This plan called for an offensive south through the salient caused by the Aisne Offensive of late May and early June as well as a second assault to the east of Reims. The German were hoping for a breakthrough and their attack began on July 15th when 23 divisions of their First and Third Army attacked east of the Reims River. Stephen Harris’s Rock of the Marne moves the action ahead to the Western Front’s penultimate battle in 1918 – the Second Battle of the Marne. The Allies won a victory against the German armies in the West and ended their plans of crushing the French armies with an attack from the north through Belgium. German troops did cross the Marne River at several points but were able to advance only a few miles. The Marne … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). For his actions, Gouraud earned the nickname the "Lion of Champagne." Battles - The Second Battle of the Marne, 1918. The Second Battle of the Marne was fought four years later in 1918 between July 15th and August 6th. Due to the severity of the defeat, Ludendorff canceled his planned offensive in Flanders. The First Battle of the Marne was fought between Germany and t… This battle was fought in 1914 between September 5th and the 1… During the weeks leading up to this battle, the German army wa… The counterattack at the Marne was first in a series of Allied offensives that would ultimately end the war. The Allies, France, UK, US, and Italy, won the Second Battle of the Marne. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The final German offensive of the war, its defeat led many senior German commanders, such as Crown Prince Wilhelm, to believe that the war had been lost. History. Due to intelligence gathering, the Allies were largely aware of German intentions and had prepared a sizable counter-offensive. The war of movement had lasted just one battle in World War One before it turned to trench warfare. The Second Battle of the Marne was the last German offensive of the war. This photograph shows officers of the 62nd Division of the British Army consulting with French and Italian officers during the Battle of Tardenois, an operation which formed part of the Allied counteroffensive in the battle. Answer and Explanation: See full answer below. In the Battle of the Marne, the BEF fought up to and across a number of rivers; the Aubetin, the Grand Morin, the Petit Morin and finally the Marne itself. It had one gated 500 m shortcut, the Canal de Cornillon in Meaux, which was built in 1235, the oldest canal in France. Used Marne as a diversion so he could lead most of Allied force to the city. Despite having gained some ground, the German position was tenuous as moving supplies and reinforcements across the Marne proved difficult due to Allied artillery and air attacks. The second major battle close to the River Marne took place during the summer of 1918. Michelin Guide The Marne Battle-Fields (1914) 1925; Perris, George Herbert. The Allied attack was the first in a series of sustained offensives that would bring the war to an end that November. Where did the battle occur? The Battle of the Marne. The Allied victory started the push towards Germany that would eventually lead to the Armistice in November 1918. Seeking to continue pushing, Ludendorff planned for additional operations that summer. the second battle of the marne ended victoriously.the initiative of the offensive passed in the hands of the allies." Second Battle of the Marne, (July 15–18, 1918), last large German offensive of World War I. against the Germans with a counter offensive. In the southwest the Germans advanced only 6 miles (10 km) under heavy fire before bogging down. He has appeared on The History Channel as a featured expert. The beginning of the war was marked the breakdown of the western powers’ war plans. The most important consequence of the battle was that the French and British forces were able to prevent the German plan for a swift and decisive victory. Allied troops attacked the Germans’ large Marne salient (i.e., a bulge protruding into the Allied lines), taking the Germans by surprise. The Second Battle of the Marne was fought from July 15 to August 5, 1918 on the Western Front in France. The World War I First Battle of the Marne featured the first use of radio intercepts and automotive transport of troops in wartime. The Second Battle of the Marne marked the turning of the tide in World War I. The American Expeditionary Force with over 250,000 men fighting under overall French command played key roles both in the initial defense and the later advances. During the Second Battle of the Marne the German Army made one last attempt at a strategically decisive victory against the Entente forces. (Translation of La Bataille de la Marne, published by Editions B. Arthaud, 1964.) What is the significance of this battle?
In the Battle of Marne, the Allies had managed to stop the German troops from invading the Western Front.
General Ludendorff announced their defeat on September 29, 1919. The Second Battle of the Marne lasted from July 15 to August 6, 1918, and was fought during World War I. Following the success of his four major offensives in France from March to June 1918, the chief of the German supreme command, General Erich Ludendorff, conceived another offensive as a diversion to draw French troops away from the Flanders front, against which he planned to direct his final decisive offensive. Canalisation was started in 1837 and completed to Épernay in 1867. This included learning the date and hour that Ludendorff's offensive was set to commence. Wrote The Principles of War and The Conduct of War. Slamming into the Germans with Degoutte's Sixth Army and General Charles Mangin's Tenth Army (including the 1st and 2nd US Divisions) in the lead, the Allies began to drive the Germans back. It marked the start of the Hundred Days Offensive which ended World War 1. 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