Australian dark rock band The Eternal use the pipa in their song "Blood" as played by singer/guitarist Mark Kelson on their album Kartika. The pear-shaped instrument may have existed in China as early as the Han dynasty, and although historically the term pipa was once used to refer to a variety of plucked chordophones, its usage since the Song dynasty refers exclusively to the pear-shaped instrument. A number of Western pipa players have experimented with amplified pipa. [49] The music collections from the 19th century also used the gongche notation which provides only a skeletal melody and approximate rhythms sometimes with some playing instructions given (such as tremolo or string-bending), and how this basic framework can become fully fleshed out during a performance may only be learnt by the students from the master. [31][32][33] A famous poem by Bai Juyi, "Pipa xing" (琵琶行), contains a description of a pipa performance during a chance encounter with a female pipa player on the Yangtze River:[34]. Of particular fame were the family of pipa players founded by Cao Poluomen (曹婆羅門) and who were active for many generations from the Northern Wei to Tang dynasty. PIP abbreviation. PIPA means Protect IP Act. 1 Answers. The left hand techniques are important for the expressiveness of pipa music. Most prominent among these are Minoru Miki, Thüring Bräm, YANG Jing, Terry Riley, Donald Reid Womack, Philip Glass, Lou Harrison, Tan Dun, Bright Sheng, Chen Yi, Zhou Long, Bun-Ching Lam, and Carl Stone. BS EN 14960, the European standard that most manufacturers and some operators now work to, is the standard to which inflatable play equipment is tested through the PIPA scheme. Information PIPA abbreviation meaning defined here. Pipa: 1 n type genus of the Pipidae Synonyms: genus Pipa Type of: amphibian genus any genus of amphibians Pulse Integrating Pendulous Accelerometer. An apsara (feitian) playing pipa, using fingers with the pipa held in near upright position. Another Chinese four-string plucked lute is the liuqin, which looks like a smaller version of the pipa. Several related instruments are derived from the pipa, including the Japanese biwa and Korean bipa in East Asia, and the Vietnamese đàn tỳ bà in Southeast Asia. We know 51 definitions for PIPA abbreviation or acronym in 5 categories. b. SOPA and PIPA protests were overlapped and followed by protests against ACTA which has a similar sense. English Translation. A distinctive sound of pipa is the tremolo produced by the lunzhi (輪指) technique which involves all the fingers and thumb of the right hand. With turned wrist, he gathered the strings to pluck and strum faster. [1][2] Modern researchers such as Laurence Picken, Shigeo Kishibe, and John Myers suggested a non-Chinese origin. These players had considerable influence on the development of pipa playing in China. ; What does PIPA mean? Find out below. Pipa, Wade-Giles romanization p’i-p’a, short-necked Chinese lute prominent in Chinese opera orchestras and as a solo instrument. To see all meanings of PIPA, please scroll down. [21] During this time Persian and Kuchan performers and teachers were in demand in the capital, Chang'an (which had a large Persian community). Por las mañanas, siempre fumaba su pipa y leía el periódico.He would always smoke his pipe and read the newspaper in the morning. Define PIP at [72] It is very much the same as the modern pipa in construction save for being a bit wider to allow for the extra string and the reintroduction of the soundholes at the front. On the following image, you can see major definitions of PIPA. Note however that the frets on all Chinese lutes are high so that the fingers and strings never touch the fingerboard in between the frets, this is different from many Western fretted instruments and allows for dramatic vibrato and other pitch changing effects. What does PIPA mean? There were originally two major schools of pipa during the Qing Dynasty — the Northern (Zhili, 直隸派) and Southern (Zhejiang, 浙江派) schools, and from these emerged the five main schools associated with the solo tradition. [17][14] Through time, the neck was raised and by the Qing Dynasty the instrument was mostly played upright. What does this mean for personal injury definitions? PIPA provides a means for everyone in the supply chain to know that the equipment itself is safe - both on initial use and throughout its life. 2. Another Chinese four-string plucked lute is the liuqin, which looks like a smaller version of the pipa. For example, a piece like "The Warlord Takes off His Armour" is made up of many sections, some of them metered and some with free meter, and greater freedom in interpretation is possible in the free meter sections. However, depictions of the pear-shaped pipas in China only appeared after the Han dynasty during the Jin dynasty in the late 4th to early 5th century. Another Chinese four-string plucked lute is the liuqin, which looks like a smaller version of the pipa. 3. It was made popular in the 19th century by Brownings' poem "Pippa Passes" (1841), in which the name is of the heroine who works in an Italian silk mill. We know 51 definitions for PIPA abbreviation or acronym in 5 categories. In 1956, after working for some years in Shanghai, Lin accepted a position at the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing. Forex currency pairs are quoted in terms of 'pips', short for percentage in points. Arlene Fernandes answered . The tuning is E2, A2, D3, E3, A3. What does pipa mean in Portuguese? However, false nails made of horn existed as early as the Ming period when fingerpicking became the popular technique for playing pipa.[24]. • PIPA (noun) The noun PIPA has 1 sense:. What does pipa mean? The music produced by a pipe when played. The modern pipa has 29 or 31 frets, 6 on the neck and the rest on the body of the instrument. In Qing dynasty, apart from those of the various schools previously mentioned, there was Chen Zijing (陳子敬), a student of Ju Shilin and known as a noted player during late Qing dynasty. PIPA . From Mandarin 琵琶 (pípá). The wu style was associated more with the Northern school while the wen style was more the Southern school. Translation for 'pipa' in the free Polish-English dictionary and many other English translations. There are considerable confusion and disagreements about the origin of pipa. [23], During the Song Dynasty, pipa fell from favour in the imperial court, perhaps a result of the influence of neo-Confucian nativism as pipa had foreign associations. As well as being one of the leading pipa players of his generation, Li held many academic positions and also carried out research on pipa scales and temperament. English Translation. Rate it: PIPA: Pulse Integrating Pendulous Accelerometer. [14][15][16], The pear-shaped pipa is likely to have been introduced to China from Central Asia, Gandhara, and/or India. Information and translations of pippa in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … String-bending for example may be used to produce a glissando or portamento. Pipa, Wade-Giles romanization p’i-p’a, short-necked Chinese lute prominent in Chinese opera orchestras and as a solo instrument. On the following image, you can see major definitions of PIPA. Non-traditional themes may be used in these new compositions and some may reflect the political landscape and demands at the time of composition, for example "Dance of the Yi People" which is based on traditional melodies of the Yi people, may be seen as part of the drive for national unity, while "Heroic Little Sisters of the Grassland" extols the virtue of those who served as model of exemplary behaviour in the People's commune.[46]. He also qualified as a doctor of Chinese medicine. (nut) a. seed. What does PIPA mean? 2. ing (pī′pĭng) n. 1. PIPA means "Protect IP Act". The encounter also inspired a poem by Yuan Zhen, Song of Pipa (琵琶歌). [65] The Shanghai progressive/folk-rock band Cold Fairyland, which was formed in 2001, also use pipa (played by Lin Di), sometimes multi-tracking it in their recordings. The flowers fluttered, and from Heaven the phoenix trilled, A: PIPA as abbreviation means "Program On International Policy Attitudes". pipe noun: tubo, conducto, cañería, chimenea, cañón: pip noun: pepita, punto, moquillo, flor, alhaja: smoking pipe noun: pipa: tobacco pipe noun: pipa: pipeful noun: pipa: puncheon noun: punzón, puntal: Find more words! A narrow tube of fabric, sometimes enclosing a cord, used for trimming seams and edges, as of slipcovers. Other noted players of the early 20th century include Liu Tianhua, a student of Shen Zhaozhou of the Chongming school and who increased the number of frets on the pipa and changed to an equal-tempered tuning, and the blind player Abing from Wuxi. ; What does PIPA mean? Thick strings clatter like splattering rain, What does PIPA mean? Pipe definition is - a tubular wind instrument; specifically : a small fipple flute held in and played by the left hand. During the Yuan dynasty, the playwright Gao Ming wrote a play for nanxi opera called Pipa ji (琵琶記, or "Story of the Pipa"), a tale about an abandoned wife who set out to find her husband, surviving by playing the pipa. 1. He premiered the oldest Dunhuang Pipa Manuscript (the first interpretation made by Ye Dong) in Shanghai in the early 1980s. The traditional 16-fret pipa became less common, although it is still used in some regional styles such as the pipa in the southern genre of nanguan/nanyin. Rate it: PIPA: Program on International Policy Attitudes. abbreviation; word in meaning; location; Examples: NFL, NASA, PSP, HIPAA,random Word(s) in meaning: chat "global warming" Postal codes: USA: 81657, Canada: T5A 0A7. People with pica compulsively eat nonfood items with no nutritional value. PIPA; Definition: Protect IP Act: Type: Abbreviation: Guessability: 3: Guessable Typical Users: Specialists: Example of PIPA Used in a Text . Gao Hong graduated from the Central Conservatory of Music and was the first to do a joint tour with Lin Shicheng in North America. the fingers and thumb flick outward, unlike the guitar where the fingers and thumb normally pluck inward towards the palm of the hand. [10] An instrument called xiantao (弦鼗), made by stretching strings over a small drum with handle, was said to have been played by labourers who constructed the Great Wall of China during the late Qin Dynasty. The da and xiao categories refer to the size of the piece – xiao pieces are small pieces normally containing only one section, while da pieces are large and usually contain multiple sections. Please look for them carefully. Arlene Fernandes answered . b. kite. You might also like some similar terms related to PIPA to know more about it. Jiaju Shen from The Either also plays an Electric 5 String Pipa/Guitar hybrid that has the Hardware from an Electric Guitar combined with the Pipa & it built by Tim Sway. An early depiction of pipa player in a group of musicians. Also see the lists of names of Indian (Sanskrit) origin. A rapid strum is called sao (掃), and strumming in the reverse direction is called fu (拂). Back to Top. Possible PIPA meaning as an acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term vary from category to category. the finger and thumb separate in one action), it is called fen (分), the reverse motion is called zhi (摭). What does PIPA stand for in Information? In the early 20th century, twenty-five pieces were found amongst 10th-century manuscripts in the Mogao caves near Dunhuang, most of these pieces however may have originated from the Tang dynasty. On the plectrum, figure of a golden phoenix with flowers in its beak, Apart from the four-stringed pipa, other pear-shaped instruments introduced include the five-stringed, straight-necked, wuxian pipa (五弦琵琶, also known as Kuchean pipa (龜茲琵琶)),[20] a six-stringed version, as well as the two-stringed hulei (忽雷). Sometimes called the Chinese lute, the instrument has a pear-shaped wooden body with a varying number of frets ranging from 12 to 31. During the Song dynasty, many of the literati and poets wrote ci verses, a form of poetry meant to be sung and accompanied by instruments such as pipa. Meaning and Origin. [38] The plectrum has now been largely replaced by the fingernails of the right hand. In the 20th century, two of the most prominent pipa players were Sun Yude (孙裕德; 1904–1981) and Li Tingsong (李廷松; 1906–1976). The pipa has also been used in rock music; the California-based band Incubus featured one, borrowed from guitarist Steve Vai, in their 2001 song "Aqueous Transmission," as played by the group's guitarist, Mike Einziger. The act of playing on a pipe. With PIPA, Illinois became only the second state in the country to respond to major security breach cases. Please look for them carefully. Since the revolutions in Chinese instrument-making during the 20th century, the softer twisted silk strings of earlier times have been exchanged for nylon-wound steel strings, which are far too strong for human fingernails, so false nails are now used, constructed of plastic or tortoise-shell, and affixed to the fingertips with the player's choice of elastic tape. The pipa is a four-stringed Chinese musical instrument, belonging to the plucked category of instruments. Another Han Dynasty text also indicates that, at that time, pipa was a recent arrival,[7] although later 3rd-century texts from the Jin dynasty suggest that pipa existed in China as early as the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC). [37] It has however been suggested that the long plectrum depicted in ancient paintings may have been used as a friction stick like a bow. Dictionary entry overview: What does Pipa pipa mean? [69][self-published source] In 2014, French zhongruan player and composer Djang San, created his own electric pipa and recorded an experimental album that puts the electric pipa at the center of music. The decisions of Swindles and Mitchell have provided some direction as to a further definition of personal injury as it relates to PIPA. It is however possible to produce the tremolo with just one or more fingers. Abbreviation to define. The pear-shaped instrument may have existed in China as early as the Han dynasty, and although historically the term pipa was once used to re… [35][36] The Ming collection of supernatural tales Fengshen Yanyi tells the story of Pipa Jing, a pipa spirit, but ghost stories involving pipa existed as early as the Jin dynasty, for example in the 4th century collection of tales Soushen Ji. is explained earlier. PIPA - Testing and Tagging for Inflatable Play Equipment The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has published a statement (15 July 2020) to confirm its position on no extension of inspection dates for the inflatable play industry. Most distributions of Python come with pip preinstalled. Pip definition is - a disorder of a bird marked by formation of a scale or crust on the tongue. The term Pipa most commonly refers to a genus of frog that fall within the family Pipidae. Information about Pipa in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. • PIPA PIPA (noun) The noun PIPA PIPA has 1 sense:. New search features Acronym Blog Free tools " . Painted panel of the sarcophagus of Yü Hung, depicts one of the Persian or Sogdian figures playing pipa. PIPA. If you want, you can also download image file to print, or you can share it with your friend via Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Google, etc. Ye Xuran (叶绪然), a student of Lin Shicheng and Wei Zhongle, was the Pipa Professor at the first Musical Conservatory of China, the Shanghai Conservatory of Music. The full statement can be read here. They are commonly called Surinam toads or star-fingered toads. El … [22] Some delicately carved pipas with beautiful inlaid patterns date from this period, with particularly fine examples preserved in the Shosoin Museum in Japan. [2] Pear-shaped lutes have been depicted in Kusana sculptures from the 1st century AD. Few pieces for pipa survived from the early periods, some however are preserved in Japan as part of togaku (Tang music) tradition. It has a shallow, pear-shaped body with a wooden belly and, sometimes, two crescent-shaped sound holes. PROTECT IP Act of 2011: The PROTECT IP Act (PIPA) of 2011 is a bill designed to curb copyright infringement and counterfeiting. pipe definition: 1. a tube inside which liquid or gas flows from one place to another: 2. a short, narrow tube with…. PIP: Partners In Performance (immunization/health initiative) PIP: Pain in the Posterior: PIP: Price Interest Point (currency trading) PiP: Parents in Partnership (foster parents) PIP: Process Industry Practices: PIP: Patient in Pain: PIP: Pipe-In-Pipe (oil & gas pipeline) For PIPA we have found 51 definitions. It's called the Electric Pipa 2.0. PIPA. There are a number of different traditions with different styles of playing pipa in various regions of China, some of which then developed into schools. A pipa player playing with the pipa behind his back. Depictions of the pear-shaped pipas appeared in abundance from the Southern and Northern Dynasties onwards, and pipas from this time to the Tang Dynasty were given various names, such as Hu pipa (胡琵琶), bent-neck pipa (曲項琵琶, quxiang pipa), some of these terms however may refer to the same pipa. In the late 20th century, largely through the efforts of Wu Man (in USA), Min Xiao-Fen (in USA), composer Yang Jing (in Europe) and other performers, Chinese and Western contemporary composers began to create new works for the pipa (both solo and in combination with chamber ensembles and orchestra). [21] For example, masses of pipa-playing Buddhist semi-deities are depicted in the wall paintings of the Mogao Caves near Dunhuang. The pipa is held in a vertical or near-vertical position during performance, although in the early periods the instrument was held in the horizontal position or near-horizontal with the neck pointing slightly downwards, or upside down. Miscellaneous » Unclassified. Mural from Kizil, Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). Pipa is also an important component of regional chamber ensemble traditions such as Jiangnan sizhu, Teochew string music and Nanguan ensemble. In the narrative traditions where the pipa is used as an accompaniment to narrative singing, there are the Suzhou tanci (蘇州彈詞), Sichuan qingyin (四川清音), and Northern quyi (北方曲藝) genres. Cheng Yu researched the old Tang Dynasty five-stringed pipa in the early 2000s and developed a modern version of it for contemporary use. [30] Celebrated performers of the Tang Dynasty included three generations of the Cao family — Cao Bao (曹保), Cao Shancai (曹善才) and Cao Gang (曹剛),[57][58] whose performances were noted in literary works. Dunhuang Mogao Caves. Pippa as a girls' name is of Greek origin, and the meaning of Pippa is "lover of horses". [21] The pipa underwent a number of changes over the centuries. Menu Search. Pieces in the Wu style are generally more rhythmic and faster, and often depict scenes of battles and are played in a vigorous fashion employing a variety of techniques and sound effects. During the Qing dynasty, scores for pipa were collected in Thirteen Pieces for Strings. Learn more. More meanings for pipa. Famous solo pieces now performed include: Most of the above are traditional compositions dating to the Qing Dynasty or early 20th century, new pieces however are constantly being composed, and most of them follow a more Western structure. Rate it: PIPA: Personal Information Protection Act. feminine noun. pip is a package-management system written in Python used to install and manage software packages. The four and five-stringed pipas were especially popular during the Tang Dynasty, and these instruments were introduced into Japan during the Tang Dynasty as well as into other regions such as Korea and Vietnam. Plucking in the opposite direction to tan and tiao are called mo (抹) and gou (勾) respectively. The earliest-known piece in the collection may be "Eagle Seizing a Crane" (海青挐鶴) which was mentioned in a Yuan dynasty text. [40] During the Qing dynasty there originally two major schools of pipa — the Northern and Southern schools, and music scores for these two traditions were collected and published in the first mass-produced edition of solo pieces for pipa, now commonly known as the Hua Collection (華氏譜). By the Ming dynasty, fingers replaced plectrum as the popular technique for playing pipa, although finger-playing techniques existed as early as Tang. Brian Grimm placed the contact mic pickup on the face of the pipa and wedged under the bridge so he is able to plug into pedalboards, live computer performance rigs, and direct input (DI) to an audio interface for studio tracking. [29], There are many references to pipa in Tang literary works, for example, in A Music Conservatory Miscellany Duan Anjie related many anecdotes associated with pipa. b. • PIPA PIPA (noun) The noun PIPA PIPA has 1 sense:. Liu Dehai (1937–2020), also born in Shanghai, was a student of Lin Shicheng and in 1961 graduated from the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing. What does this mean for personal injury definitions? pipe (pīp) n. 1. a. A: One of the definitions of PIPA is "Program On International Policy Attitudes". kite noun. [6][7] According to Liu Xi's Eastern Han Dynasty Dictionary of Names, the word pipa may have an onomatopoeic origin (the word being similar to the sounds the instrument makes),[6] although modern scholarship suggests a possible derivation from the Persian word "barbat", the two theories however are not necessarily mutually exclusive. You might also like some similar terms related to PIPA to know more about it. What does PIPPA stand for? 1840–50;