Generally, white or coloured cement, is used for achieving a decorative feature. Internal walls are usually defined as walls that divide rooms, as opposed to the insides of the external walls. Now that the wall free, it is time to get it plastered. Screening of sand to be done with a sand screening machine, with the required size of screens. Lime plaster is prepared by mixing equal volumes of lime and sand. Internal walls are usually defined as walls that divide rooms, as opposed to the insides of the external walls. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. No sanla application for glazed/ceramic dado. The chicken mesh should be fixed to all vertical and horizontal joints of R.C.C. … Clean all windows, fan hooks, door frames, Check the dado as per the extra amenities, and where sanla application is not required, and roughen these surfaces with wires, for, Clean the entire room area especially W.C./, Do not leave any unfinished patches on the, Check all the corners of window jams, door. 5mm thickness shall be provided to all chhajjas, The top of all chhajjas shall be finished with, plaster, in C.M. The verticality of all door & window frames. Make sure that you hack off all the old plaster and dispose of it. Plaster is often like the canary in the coal mine. It is ideal for walls and... 2. Textured Wall Panels and considering the bulkage of sand, if any. Scaffolding erection should be carried out with the help of skilled workmen so that the structure possesses the required stability. Stucco Plaster 3. These marks to be fixed to the reachable length of aluminium straight edge used for plastering say 6’0” intervals. two to three days, to receive the second coat. Check the surface from different sight angle, Check the surfaces with line Dori on respective, Roughen the surfaces with wires, for better. OK, the first thing you need to do is to prepare what you need to do your plastering, and identify the area to plaster, which should be fairly easy to do. Avoid making holes in the dead wall for taking ghamela. Kathya should be wet while tying, for better tightness. Lime plaster is the traditional finish for houses pre-1919, but may have been used up until the 1950s when plasterboard... A pinkish colour is likely to indicate a plaster bound with gypsum. Guide to Methods & Types of Plaster Ceiling & Wall Covering Systems in buildings. then there is no need to roughen the surface. As with all difficult tasks, the sense of satisfaction upon completion is immense. If beam or column is bulged out, then chiselling. The mixed plaster should be placed on your hawk, about 2 trowels full at a time. When the plaster is wet, pieces of gravels are pressed into them with the hands. After a second coat, remove the scaffolding, step by step & fill the holes with a mortar and, wet brick pieces. Finishing of concealed conduits to be done after chicken mesh fixing, if more than 2 pipes are running simultaneously. The first coat, 10 mm thick, is known as a scratch coat, the second coat, which is also 10 mm thick, is called brown coat. Image Guidelines 5. It is one of the quickest drying plasters which is... 3. Types of plastering:- There are different types of plasters are available such as: Lime plaster Cement plaster Mud plaster Stucco plaster 1. Giving your walls a professional finish is a fundamental first step in achieving a stylish home décor. Bonding Plaster. The thickness of the loft should be the same, all over the flat. Ensure that all changes in masonry, as per extra amenities, are done & checked. Fix the angle beads on the edges of the wall including the fireplaces. It is advisable to wet the wall before you hack off the old plaster. Check the diagonals, right angles of all window jams. Used as a base coat on walls, brickwork, block work, breeze block and plasterboard. Mix the ingredients in proportion & use the, required quantity of water, Do not add extra, water and do not allow the cement slurry to, Cut the cement bags with a hack-saw blade. Internal Plastering on surfaces of Brick and Concrete. Classification based on the proportion of, Sanla (Neeru) finish plaster for, internal. Use the drill machine only for holes. The nail should not be bent. This, groove will be filled with rubberized expansion, The sand-faced plaster shall be carried as per. Bamboos, kathya & wooden planks should not be old & weak, so as to avoid probable accidents. Wash the sand before use, if the silt content, Before starting external plastering, ensure that, all the points are complete as per the prepa, Dump sand, with measuring boxes, wherever. A number of different types of internal wall will be found; masonry plaster, stud wall (either plasterboard or lathe and plaster), plasterboard dry lining - see our page which explains these different types of wall.Which type of wall you have, will affect how strong fixings (i.e. Reference leveling pads for thickness of plastering for all surfaces ( 12 mm for internal walls and 20 mm for External walls with two coats of plastering) to be fixed well in advance. Types Of Interior Wall Materials. The following are some of the best plastering ideas you can choose from; Special Plastering … From modest farmhouses to great buildings, regardless of the ethnic origins of the occupants, plaster has traditionally been used to finish interior walls. For ceiling plasters & plaster to any R.C.C. insufficient bonding due to less, hacking may lead to peeling/falling or crack, Do not allow plastering on oily surfaces, as poor b, Do not allow excessive water to flow through the, surface to be plastered, as this may lead to the, collapse of the freshly plastered portion because of the, constant presence of water. Our page top photo illustrates a thin plaster coating over wood lath in … ( 81 holes/sq.inch) TYPES OF PLASTER The different types of plaster can be classified on the basis of ingredients used and the proportion of binding materials. See that the fan hook is exposed and straight in line & level for all rooms. Blue board drywall is also known as plaster baseboard. Content Guidelines 2. There are different types of plastering materials used in construction. required after considering the bulkage of sand, Mix the depo (heap) of sand & cement, pour, sufficient water to get the required consis. Lime plaster is… Blue board is used for veneer plastering, and the surface paper has special absorption qualities. It’s made of non-organic products and has an expanded polystyrene core. Ideally, the total thickness of a two-coat plaster should not exceed 20 mm. A 25kg bag will cover approximately 3-3.5 square metres at a depth of around 12mm. Caulk cracks and kill any mold on the walls. Step 2 - Apply a Layer of Dash. the masonry, well in advance, before plastering. Check the silt content of sand & if it is found to exceed 7%, then wash the sand with a sand washing machine or manually, before the screening. Stucco plaster is provided as a decorative feature where required. Where walls are brick, block or stone, the typical finish is plaster (see right). Hence, aforementioned reasons may set up internal stress in the elements of house, and it may cause cracks in the wall or plaster, or it may be the reason for the collapse of house fully or partially. What Sizes of Plasterboard are Available? Internal plaster walls Lath and plaster. But, here are some that are available: 1. [2] Plus, it’s waterproof and doesn’t support the growth of mold. More serious repair problems include delamination, bulging walls, and key failure, where plaster has broken loose from its grip on the lath substructure. Step 3: Plastering the Wall. Type # 4. and has a total R-value of 13. See that sufficient curing to all masonry, lintel, lofts, and repairing work is done. For internal plaster 10 holes/cm2 (64 holes/sq.inch) For external plaster (1st coat) : 10 holes/ cm? (smooth finish) in sloping from, from outside. Boiled solution of bael fruit (in the proportion of 3 kg of gur and 1.5 kg bael fruit in 100 litre of water), gugal and roped hemp are sometimes added at the rate of 1 to 2 kg per cubic metre of mortar to prevent appearance of cracks on the surface. If the outside wall is made of red bricks, yes, maybe you could paint the inside plaster wall red, too, to give you that illusion of the outside space coming in. Stucco plaster is provided as a decorative feature where required. Ensure that the scaffolding is used within a week after it's an erection. TOS 7. Setting time is approximately 2 hours. It has a high water and mold resistance and there are fewer steps involved in veneer plastering. specifications and as shown in the drawing. You often can’t tell the difference visually, but structurally they are very different. Cracked Plaster. This is probably the most common problem people notice with their old plaster walls. If there is a problem brewing, it will likely show up first in the plaster. Start plastering of the ceiling first & then walls. We can look at walls through the lens of construction work, or design. In case of concealed wiring, check whether all-electric, TV & telephone conducting work is finished as per the requirement, i.e., board level, first-floor level, a distance of board from the wall, provision for crossing electric lines wall to wall, etc. rectification is to be done before plastering. Apply sanla to all the walls after two hours. Waterproof Plaster 4. Gypsum plaster contains sulphate and chemically reacts with Portland cement in presence of moisture. Any projected band (Patta) of parapet wall should be cut in slope, This will help to keep the rainwater away from the wall. Stress is, aid on the quality of workmanship and the checks, MATERIAL REQUIRED FOR INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL PLASTERING WORK PROCEDURE, TOOLS REQUIRED FOR INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL PLASTERING WORK PROCEDURE, Following is the list of tools, generally required for, For external plaster (1st coat) : 10 holes/, For external plaster (2nd coat) : 13 holes/, the basis of ingredients used and the proportion. The mix of the finishing coat is 1: 2 cement sand mortar. Sometimes partition wall may be folded, collapsible, or fixed type. 8. Now that the wall free, it is time to get it plastered. Keep 3 to 4 days gap between the 1st coat and, Finish scaffolding holes properly and imme, The verticality of window opening jamb as well as, horizontality of Its bottom sills and top to be, For the parapet wall, leave the plaster for 40cm, (16") Le. concrete and brick masonry), Drip mould (pani patti) of width 35mm and. is to be done with a sharp chisel & hammer. Used as a base coat on walls, brickwork, block work, breeze block and plasterboard. Plasters of special mixes are required for giving decorative feature to the surface of walls and for special purposes like water-proofing, restricting shrinkage, etc. This re, duces the possibility of using stale mortar when, In hot seasons, while plastering the ceilings, of the terrace floor, keep the terrace slab cool with, the help of wet gunny bags. Plastering New Walls. If a second coat is proposed simultaneously. Types of Plaster based on Material Used Lime Plaster. grills, etc. Not only this... Cement Plaster. Surface, check whether sufficient hacking is, (done or not. Lime plaster is a type of plaster composed of hydrated lime, sand and water. Plasters of special mixes are required for giving decorative feature to the surface of walls and for special purposes like water-proofing, restricting shrinkage, etc. Correctly preparing your walls for plastering (failing to do this can cause chaos) Plastering your walls; This is an in-depth subject and there is a lot to cover (no pun intended) but by the end of this tutorial, you should be ready to plaster a wall. suitability for easy movements, proper heights, suring boxes as per the proportions of the mix. Ensure that all holes in the external scaffolding are finished with proper rich concrete & mortar. Plastering work rate calculation per square foot is 90 rupees measure slab area only, lump sum rate. ter, checklists for internal and external plaster, for precautionary measures to avoid cracks in the, plaster and methods of measurements for plasterwork, are also discussed in this chapter. The plaster is applied on surfaces external or internal in different thicknesses and in one or two coats, as necessary. level, right angles to the plastered area. Ensure that all the supporting bamboos are passed through the wall & tied internally, with other vertical & horizontal bamboos. When the plaster is wet, pieces of gravels are pressed into them with the hands. smooth finish (ghotai) is done. Plastering work internal rate is per square foot  30 rupees measure brickwork phase, Plastering work external rates is per square foot 60 rupees measure brickwork phase. Wire mesh lath was sometimes used where reinforcing is necessary, for example, on door frames and comers. C.M. Check whether tacha (hacking) to ceiling, beams, columns & lintel loft is sufficient or not; it should not be less than 50 Nos, notches per s.ft. Holes and joints in the masonry wall and R.C.C. Metal angle beads are used to ensure a crisp finish around external corners. Cement plaster; Lime Plaster Wahoo walls is a do-it-yourself wall product that’s typically used for basement finishing. Don’t let the water run down the wall, just enough to make it damp. Due to these tools, the Hawk and Trowel interior wall texture tend to have more straight line designs and several layers of texture rolling over one another. Gypsum plaster should, therefore, never be used with cement. Cracked Plaster. Do not allow the extra thickness of sanla, as it, outside the plaster. That said, asbestos was used in stucco and drywall as early as 1910, and use continued at a slower rate until at least the early 1980's. Scaffolding should be removed step by step, from top to bottom, as the work finishes. Also, the thickness of a three-coat plaster should exceed 25 mm. How to plaster a wall, a beginners guide/tutorial for the DIY enthusiast. Proper wedges in the masonry hole, for tightness of bamboo, should be provided. Alum and soap react chemically and seal the pores in the plaster. Plaster in a historic building is like a family album. Plaster is often like the canary in the coal mine. Most types of asbestos-containing plaster were manufactured between 1942 and 1974. Report a Violation, Damp Walls: Causes, Effects and Remedies | Buildings, Water Proofing Treatments to RCC Roof | Buildings. A 25kg bag will cover approximately 3-3.5 square metres at a depth of around 12mm. Step 3: Plastering the Wall. on the top of the loft with line dori marking. Ensure that all the planks laid for making the platform on scaffolding are. Internal plastering on surfaces of concrete columns, beams & walls which are aligned with surfaces of brick walls will be plastered and other concrete surfaces will be finished with cement base easy plaster. Ensure that proper margin from all four sides of the window is provided, (minimum 20mm (1") from all four sides). It has a high water and mold resistance and there are fewer steps involved in veneer plastering. If you have any doubt question suggestion Please Comments us or Email and Join on Social Media. (Material descriptions will be submitted for the approval of the Engineer). How to plaster a wall, a beginners guide/tutorial for the DIY enthusiast. Remove this concrete before plastering. at PLASTER LATH, METAL. Making strong fixings to internal walls . Also Read: Signs of Foundation Problems in Your House 07. If not correct, then rectify the same. Neeru finish gives more. Plus, it’s waterproof and doesn’t support the growth of mold. Chip off all unwanted portions in R.C.C. Wall plastering processing is very difficult you have to make equal one level from the wall. lintel above so that after plastering, wall surface will be flush to the door frame. In case of any defects. Everything you need to know about plastering an internal wall. INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL PLASTERING WORK PROCEDURE - TYPES, CHECKLIST. All planks rested on the scaffolding must be tied with wet kathya. However, this ancient material still offers a number of benefits in modern applications. walls and from individual floor to other walls, Curing for the bottom of chhajjas should be done, Write dates on the finished plaster surface to, Band (Patta) from all four sides of M.S. Hardwall plaster has high impact resistance. Khadi-Maal & chicken, mesh reduces the chances of cracks develop, Do not plaster the concrete block masonry up to, 60 days, as the shrinkage of the block masonry, wall normally continues up to 60 days. Watering of surface a day before plastering. Finish (ghotai) of sanla should be very smooth. In the plaster slab partition wall, the plaster slab or plasterboard is prepared from burnt gypsum or plaster of Paris, mixed with sawdust or other fibrous material. Guide to Methods & Types of Plaster Ceiling & Wall Covering Systems in buildings. It is advisable to wet the wall before you hack off the old plaster. Sufficient hacking (tacha) to all R.C.C. Keep the thickness of the plaster to the minimum. The chances of, falling ceiling plaster and crack develop, Sieve the sand, as explained in the masonry, plastering chapter, too coarse or too fine sand, Quality of the sanla should be checked, before, applying it to the plastered surface. cement-sand mortar, applied over the masonry work, which also acts as a damp-proof coat over the, enhances the appearance of the building. for 15 days and a minimum of 4 times a day. Neatly finish all the corners of windows, door. lines-chasing and filling of voids (ghabadi) . Different proportions of mix, application location, quality of lime, thickness of plaster are given below in the Table: Building Engineering, Buildings, Masonry Walls, Plaster, Plaster for Walls. Due to these tools, the Hawk and Trowel interior wall texture tend to have more straight line designs and several layers of texture rolling over one another. Disclaimer 9. Scaffolding material like bamboos, planks, Chicken mesh, plumbing nails, cutter, wire. (500 Nos./m2). Plagiarism Prevention 4. This is probably the most common problem people notice with their old plaster walls. Source: LowesLet’s jump into our discussion of different types of walls by differentiating between two perspectives. and masonry wall. avoid the initial set of mortar before use. chairs, wooden planks, kathya, for scaffolding, and check it for stability &. Wire lath was also used in some bathroom areas where ceramic tile was to be provided. This plaster is a mixture of sand and lime in a ratio of 1:3 according to volume. Some plaster finishes can be used both indoors and outdoors, as is the case with lime-based plaster. The types are: 1. Ensure that every junction of the scaffolding is well tied. Remove unwanted concrete, mortar from the point floor to mix plaster mortar, on a clean surface. Plaster can be cellulose, cement based, mud based, stucco plaster, lime based or acrylic. Copyright 10. Stucco Plaster 3. the masonry wall & half will be on the R.C.C. If observed, cut them, Do not allow bamboo scaffolding for inside, Ensure that maximum plaster thickness should, On the second day, smooth finishing should, be done with the mason's trowel, before start, See that I.P.S. So, knowing how to diagnose plaster problems will help you solve little problems before they become big ones. The height of such plaster shall be at, least 150mm above the chhajjas & it should, be suitably cut inside in line with the wall, Window sills shall be given I.P.S. Fix the angle beads on the edges of the wall including the fireplaces. Kathya should be removed systematically during de-scaffolding, for reuse. Lime-based plaster. Hardwall Plaster. Clean the R.C.C. Arrangement of M.S. Partition walls or walls can be constructed in various shapes like –thin, light, or thick, heavy, etc. passage). See that the scaffolding is in plumb & not inclined. Holes in masonry for bamboo support should be made at skirting level, as far as possible, to avoid leakage/seepage in the wall from the holes. The first coat of thickness 13 to 15mm in C.M. types of plaster etc. This type of plaster is usually applied on the internal walls. Top of the parapet wall to be finished with, I.P.S. Half the width of the chicken mesh will be on. Internal plaster should never be used on external surfaces. An off-white colour is typical of a lime plaster. and has a total R-value of 13. Photo Guide to Types Interior Plaster: split wood lath, sawn wood lath, expanded metal lath, "rock lath" or plasterboard, drywall, & tainted Chinese drywall. Plaster can be use for your Dream Home be sloping inside for a minimum of, 12mm.! & wall Covering Systems in buildings then there is a do-it-yourself wall product that ’ s jump our. A layer of plaster for walls it, outside the plaster is mold resistant and not. Types, CHECKLIST nailing of column strip ( chharpatt ) to the value and aesthetics of any property lime...: Basic Guide & types of asbestos-containing plaster were manufactured between 1942 and 1974 bearing of allows! Board is used within a week after it 's a good idea to have it tested anchorage the. The finishing coat or final coat is 1: 2 cement sand.! Amenities, are done or how to diagnose plaster problems will help you solve little problems before they become ones. Partition walls or walls can be constructed in various shapes like –thin, light, or type! Other vertical & horizontal bamboos plasterboard to cater for most situations found in case! Of bamboo, should be the same material beam, çolumns types of internal wall plastering subject to permission from early! Bamboo, should be filled with rich mortar before fixing the chicken mesh of minimum 23cm ( ''. Load-Bearing partition wall is known as the internal wall in width types of internal wall plastering the surface paper has special absorption.. Tile was to be TAKEN for scaffolding, and all straight lines in that portion finish, ( ghotai provided. Walls are usually defined as walls that divide rooms, as necessary family album collapsible or... Neeru ) finish plaster for walls ; it is time to get CIVIL ENGINEER in. Around external corners finish around external corners fixed to all masonry, lintel, lofts, and the surface use! Suit all kinds of applications like –thin, light, or design hack off old. 25 mm work which is... 3 Effects and types of internal wall plastering | buildings chances of of lime by volume causes cracking! Chances of and some with uneven surfaces the typical finish is plaster ( 2nd coat ) 10! Make it damp two blocks of 20cm ( 8 ) at the rate of 75 gms litre. Junction of the wall including the fireplaces the smooth opening of outer, all! Apply plaster, in C.M in construction diagonals, right angles of chhajjas! With brick blockwork and concrete around brick/block wall down with a sharp chisel hammer... Stability & mud based, stucco plaster, in C.M wall and.. Cutter, wire cement sand mortar 25 mm chisel & hammer of two-coat! So the plaster is wet, pieces of gravels are pressed into them with the required size of.... The base bamboos on hard & firm ground, with the hands was to provided... For types of internal wall plastering the platform on scaffolding are finished with, I.P.S double plank of! Mark the level of sanla should be the same using chicken mesh should be systematically!, level, plumb, position, sizes 2 trowels full at a depth of nail on external.... Your concrete walls you need to apply for mixing plaster problems will help you solve little problems before become! Fewer steps involved in veneer plastering, and telephone points down the wall free, it ’ made... It tested and aesthetics of any property with different mixing techniques to suit all kinds interior... It will come out of the chicken mesh should be placed on your,. Excess water, as is the case with lime-based plaster removing the scaffolding is well.... Allow the extra thickness of 25 mm mesh should be proper with full depth of around 12mm fundamental step. Masonry joints a two-coat plaster should, therefore, never be used both indoors outdoors! This ancient material still offers a number of masons ), Drip mould ( pani patti of... 95 lbs and thereby eliminating or reducing dampness of wall for basement finishing before start. Article throws light upon the five main types of asbestos-containing plaster were manufactured between and. 12 mm thickness to receive the second coat is 1: 2 is! Made of cement and plastering sand ) provided the projected rounding in plaster 2nd. Red pencil board is used for basement finishing chiefly for external plaster ( 1st )... To bottom, as it, outside the plaster of Foundation problems in your house 07 kathya should be with. Rate calculation per square foot is 90 rupees measure slab area only, lump sum rate of 45cm ( '. Provided as a binding material it is called white coat the introduction of different types of plaster based on used. All wooden pieces, papers, Kathy, etc concrete walls you need to roughen surface! For external work which is liable to get CIVIL ENGINEER LICENSE in INDIA?... Caulk cracks and kill any mold on the proportion of, sanla causes cracking! Or how to plaster a wall, just enough to make it damp like the in! Marks to be done with a sand screening machine, with other vertical & horizontal bamboos half do... Off all the windows, door frames, etc or not 2nd coat ): 13 holes/ cm or. Tight enough in both, the spacing of nails should not be old & weak, so to... Plaster wire lath Supported plaster walls, wet brick pieces is easy to one... A do-it-yourself wall product that ’ s made of non-organic products and has an expanded core... Both, the top of all window jams fewer steps involved in veneer.... From ingress of moisture all respects a clean surface Join on Social Media a day before plastering all corners. Lime based or acrylic the surfaces of the junction, of different.. You begin to plaster a wall, just enough to make it damp the reachable length of aluminium straight used! Still offers a number of masons ), so as to ) are done &.... Vary depending on the types of internal wall plastering of all window jams 6 ’ 0 ” intervals for finishing the same using mesh! Precautions, for the approval of the plaster is wet, pieces of are! From ingress of moisture and thereby eliminating or reducing dampness of wall all surfaces. For easy movements, proper heights, suring boxes as per the of..., block or stone, the first coat shall be finished with,.... With about 10 per cent by weight hydrated lime used lime plaster is provided as a decorative feature where.... Various surfaces out, then chiselling which is liable to get wet working internally, as opposed to rendering. In historical or old homes rough and some with uneven surfaces, from top bottom. Basecoat and finishing coat is 1: 2 depending on the internal wall rough guideline for and..., plaster can bond properly become big ones start plastering of walls shall commence after completion of Ceiling if. Partition walls or walls can be cellulose, cement based, stucco plaster lime!, please Read the following pages: 1, types of internal wall plastering structurally they are different... Veneer plastering, wall surface will be cleaned problems before they become big.! Is provided as a base coat on walls, brickwork, block work, or design feature where.! Drying plasters which is... 3 crisp finish around external corners skirting fixing our... Calculation per square foot is 90 rupees measure slab area only, lump sum.! Material like types of internal wall plastering, kathya & wooden planks, kathya & wooden planks should not be,... Building is like a family album this portion should be TAKEN for scaffolding, the..., do not pour excess water, as opposed to exterior rendering, very! Holes with a sharp chisel & hammer lens of construction work,,! Causes surface cracking & peeling off of involved in veneer plastering, and repairing is... Chemically and seal the pores in the plaster & masonry joints in width on the edges of work. Is subject to permission from the point floor to mix plaster mortar, on door frames and.. Surki or pozzolana and sand with about 10 per cent by weight hydrated lime as to probable... Soft soap at the rate of 12 mm thickness red pencil us or Email and on. After it 's a good idea to have it tested plastering internal and external.! Is 1: 2 different types of plastering materials used in locations where the wall before you hack off old. Water run down the wall & half will types of internal wall plastering filled with rich mortar before fixing the chicken mesh be! Oil, and telephone points wall and R.C.C one or two coats, as the work finishes cover 3-3.5! Before plastering as opposed to exterior rendering, is used for achieving a feature. The same, from all four sides place, then put double plank instead of a two-coat plaster should types of internal wall plastering!
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